Barak FCI Standard
The indigenous dogs of Bosnia represented a modified form of the ancient Molossus, which was introduced to this country as early as 411 B.C. These animals were not only fierce warriors but they also provided an indispensable assistance in hunting for local folks. For almost 2500 years the local Bosnian scent hounds honed their hunting skills on the harsh terrains of its native country. Prior to 1878 the Bosnia had been under control of the Ottoman Empire, which sealed the boundaries of the country from any contacts with the western civilisation. For over four centuries the forefathers of the Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hound had no opportunities to interbreed with other foreign canines and they became highly specialized in working in the particular conditions of Bosnian region.
At the end of XIX century the Ottoman Empire released Bosnia from its tight grip and gradually new breeds entered the country. Bosnian hunters started to buy these dogs and mix them with native hounds in order to enhance their quality. The most successful cross was considered to be with the Italian gundog. To this breed the Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hound owes its coarse wire-like hair and prominent size. These traits allowed it to work in the most adverse weather condition and catch up with much larger types of game.
Bosnia and Herzegovina was torn with violent conflicts throughout the XXth century. This strongly affected the number of the Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hounds, which substantially dwindled. Nevertheless the breed continued to thrive in the remote areas of the country hunting different game just as its ancestors had. In 1965 the breed was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), under the name of the Illyrian Hound. The name of the dog was dictated by some political reasoning and in 1973 it was officially changed to the Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hound.
In 2006, the United Kennel Club (UKC) gave the dog its complete acceptance. The club took the FCI breed standard but granted the breed a different name – the Barak (the word has Turkish roots and means rough-coated dog).
The dog is apt to react with suspicion to appearance of unfamiliar persons in your house. This watchful breed is capable to inform its owner about an approaching newcomer with its loud bellowing voice so it can be turned into an excellent watchdog. By the way the Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hound usually uses its voice very often and this can lead to a conflict with your neighbours.
The Barak is a pack hunter and used to coordinate its actions with several other dogs during the hunting. That’s why it’s quite tolerable towards other canine animals provided it has been socialised with them. Being developed for hunting purposes it’s no wonder this breed exhibits a considerable aggression towards other species of animals. The Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hound can accept a home cat as a part of its family if they have been introduced to each other in the early age but some specimens will never perceive it other than a prey object.
• canine hip dysplasia;
• elbow dysplasia;
• eye problems;
• patellar luxation.
The rest includes a basic care. Remember to timely trim the dog’s nails and clean its teeth and ears to keep your Barak in an optimal health.
Training sessions should be short and repetitive since systematic approach is a key to an astounding success in working with this dog. The personality of the handler also plays an important role in up-bringing the Barak. His authoritative position and unshakable confidence helps to establish proper relationship with the dog. This breed is responsive only to mild correction and food incentives and ignores commands, which are pronounced in harsh tone of voice or imposed with physical abuse.
Be ready to keep your dog on the leash at all times since it poses a lethal danger for stray animals. Taking into account the amount of exercise the Bosnian Coarse-Haired Hound should get it is definitely more appropriate for countryside or the house with spacious yard surrounded by a high fence.