Coton De Tulear FCI Standard
The exact ancestry of the Coton de Tulear can hardly be traced with any level of certainty but it’s known that the history of the original Bishon-type breeds extended back for almost millennia. Among most probable predecessors of the breed are French Bichons and the Italian Bolognese. It’s also highly likely that some native African dogs participated in the creation of the Coton de Tulear. The modern version of the dog characterizes with small size, exuberant energy and unique coat.
Gradually the Coton de Tulear earned well-deserved popularity and was especially preferred as a companion dog by the Madagascar affluent people. At the same time many breed members were simply street animals. This dog is also known in its native country as the «Royal dog of the Madagascar» and it was granted a status of the Official Dog Breed.
The breed made its way to America and European countries in 1974. The Coton de Tulear quickly became a trendy and desirable family pet and its popularity in America and Europe never ceases to increase. In recent decade the dog has proved to have excellent faculties in a number of canine sports including conformation show, agility, and obedience contest. It was fully recognised by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1996. In 2012 the American Kennel Club (AKC) has given the Coton de Tulear its partial acceptance.
When the Coton de Tulear has been correctly introduced to the company of unfamiliar people it’s very tolerable and even affable with them. This dog is apt to treat every stranger as prospective friend and play buddy and it must be taught to respect one’s private boundaries. It will constitute a good watchdog, which will always be alert enough to notify its master about some unwelcomed guest. However the breed is too kind and friendly to become an effective guard dog.
The Coton de Tulear gets along well with other dogs and won’t show any form of aggressive behaviour even in the presence of an unfamiliar dog. It will definitely prefer to co-habituate with another canine, particularly another Coton de Tulear. It also doesn’t have prey drive strong enough that it couldn’t be eliminated with proper socialisation. In order to ensure peaceful co-existence of this dog and other home pet it’s crucial to introduce them to each other in the early age.
• patellar luxation;
• heart problems;
• liver shunts;
• back problems;
• eyes problems.
You can manage without a service of a groomer although it’s more convenient to have your dog systemically and professionally groomed. Vast majority of the breed’s owners prefers to keep its hair short like in puppyhood. The Coton de Tulear sheds insignificantly so it can be recommended for allergy sufferer (although there is no such thing as hypoallergenic dog).
Unfortunately there is one disadvantage in owning of the Coton de Tulear: it presents a substantial challenge to housebreak. Puppies of this dog has tiny bladder and can’t restrain their natural needs for any period of time. Furthermore the puppies are so small that their accidents can go by undetected and uncorrected. That’s why you should be prepared that you dog will mature few months longer than it usually happens with other breeds.
Without proper amount of exercise the dog tends to misbehave destructing your possessions, barking without any reasons, and being hyper active. Although the Coton de Tulear is going to need some outlets for its buoyant energy it can be easily adapted to a big city life especially if your family prefers to spend its day-offs in an active manner and usually include the pet in its occupations.