Bolognese new FCI Standard
The Bolognese belongs to the Bichon family of dogs. References of Bichon-type dogs date back at least 2500 years and it’s a well-established fact that they all have sprung from the Maltese. The breed was famous among the habitants of the Mediterranean area and was mentioned in numerous works of art at that time.
During the Roman era Bichons gained a special acknowledgment and they were portrayed on many Italian paintings. Some of these dogs had straight smooth hair and others owned a wavier coat of the Bolognese. There is a strong possibility that the breed stemmed from the Maltese like all other Bichon-type dogs. One view suggests that it appeared by crossing the Maltese with fluffy coat breeds, while the majority supposes that the Bolognese was an outcome of breeding the Maltese with wavy-coated breeds. With certain rate of confidence one can say, that the age of the breed implies such descendants as the Poodle, the Barbet, the Lagotto Romagnolo, or other mutual ancestor of those breeds. Development of the breed in subsequent centuries allows also suggest the participation of the Bichon Frise and the Lowchen.
The Bolognese preserved its status of the most preferable companion of noblemen from XII century until XVII century. Its popularity peaked during the Italian Renaissance, and it was often depicted alongside rich and noble families of that period. Generally speaking, the Bolognese was one of the most portrayed breeds up to the XX century and could be found in the masterpieces all over the Europe. Among the renown artists, who painted the dog were Titian, Goya, Gosse, Watteau, and Pierre Bruegel.
Sad enough, aristocratic predilection for the Bolognese has started to subside at the early XIX century. The number of dogs was also severely influenced by the on going weakening of the nobility’s authority and power with coming of the American Revolution in 1776 and the French Revolution in 1789. Gradually the Bolognese again acquired its former popularity, especially among European middle and upper classes. By the XX century, the coverage of breeds’ fanciers reached Netherlands, France, and Italy. Naturally two World Wars have caused a significant damage to the population of dogs, but at much lesser extent than to other breeds due to its wide diffusion throughout Europe.
In the midst of XX century, the number of the Bolognese was so small that it was considered to be rare. Breeders in France, Italy, and Netherlands had put substantial efforts to recover its standing and now the breed is favoured by many families around the globe.
In 1995, the Bolognese was given full acknowledgment with the United Kennel Club (UKC). The next step for the breed seems to be full recognition with the American Kennel Club (AKC), for the sake of which in America the American Bolognese Club was formed. The Bolognese has already got an admission to the Foundation Stock Service (AKC-FSS) and it’s a good sign for its complete acceptance in foreseeable future.
This dog suits best in a house with older children, preferably above the ages of 8-10. It has fragile physique and clumsy toddler can accidently hurt it. In effect the dog has every right in that case to defend itself and can bite it, though well trained and socialized animals won’t ever bear a grudge. The elderly family members will highly appreciate a superb travelling partner in the Bolognese.
The Bolognese can be timid and wary around strangers, though its outgoing demeanour fights back this feelings really quickly and the dog will pour its love all over them. The breed makes a prime watchdog, being constantly at alert and capable to warn about possible intruder. But your dog will be a mediocre guard dog due to the absence of proper aggressiveness and anyway as being too small to provoke any fear.
The Bolognese is a friendly and gentle furry ball, it is universally tolerable of other dogs and home pets including cats. Though it can sometimes display mild hunting drive towards small animals, when they are introduced at the right time they get along just fine.
• patellar luxation;
• eye problems;
• fur stains/tear stains;
• ear infections.
If you plan to show your dog monthly visit to professional groomer may require. The master also should take proper actions of cleaning to maintain ears, eyes, and mouth of the Bolognese in healthy condition. The breed is a light shedder, and some specimens shed almost nothing.
The Bolognese gets weary and loses its drive quickly when forced to execute simple tasks multiple times, and performs best when offered greater variety of assignments. Positive incentives and gentle reinforcements are the best choice for an outstanding success in the training while the dog isn’t responsive to any kind of harsh treatment or screaming.
Socialization is not so crucial for this breed, although it can fix its natural problems with shyness and extreme wariness.
This breed does tend to have higher energy level than such types of companion dogs as the Pekingese or Maltese. The Bolognese is well suited to life in urban apartment and can become a perfect pet for a moderate active family.