Leonberger FCI Standard
Eventually the Leonberger became a super trendy breed. A pair of dogs performed in theatres travelling throughout the United States and the breed memebers were showed at the Westmister Kennel Club events. The Leonberger also acquired many affluent and famous fanciers and was owned by Empress Elisabeth of Austria, the Prince of Wales, Napoleon II, King of Italia Umberto and Bismarck.
The breed has suffered a devastating loss in its population as the result of the World War I with only 25 specimens survived. The concerned breeders chose 5 the most suitable dogs and initiated the re-establishment of the Leonberger’s population. The World War II delivered the next blow and the breed once again appeared on the brink of extinction. In 1945 some Germans sought out a few lasting dogs and managed to restore the former position of the breed.
The Leonberger has been used with outstanding results as a stock guardian, search and rescue dog (and water rescue dog as well), tracking dog and as a family pet. The official standard was written in 1949. American Kennel Club (AKC) recognised the Leonberger in 2010.
On the whole the Leonberger is friendly with strangers who are not trying to trespass its domain. The only precaution is that the ill-mannered dog can knock over the unknown person by jumping on him wishing to say hello.
This magnificent creature has unprecedented patience and can be trusted with a child, even with the most mischievous one. When the dog is displeased by harsh play it would rather prefer to walk away than display any sign of aggression.
When not provoked to aggressive response the Leonberger tolerates the strange dog and will greatly enjoy living with other canine animal of matching size and energy level. Small home pets as well as house cats can live in the same household with the dog providing they have been reared together. Nonetheless it wouldn’t be wise since the huge dog is able to traumatize or even kill them only by accident.
– canine hip dysplasia;
– osteochondritis dessicans;
– eosinophilic panosteitis;
– Addison’s disease;
– skeletal diseases;
– eye problems
– gastric torsion.
The Leonberger is a seasonal shedder and it’s going to shed intensely twice a year. Brush your dog once a day during these periods which will help to cut down on the amount of hair found all around your house.
The crucial role in upbringing of the Leonberger plays early training and socialisation. Obedience training should be started as early as possible since the big dog means big problems.
The socialisation should be initiated well before the puppy is four month old and continue into the adulthood. The puppy should be exhibited to the wide variety of sounds, people, animals and situations in order to become polite and well-behaved member of society in the future.
The Leonberger will become an eager participant of any outdoor activities, for instance hiking or jogging. This dog especially likes swimming and also can be trained to drag a sled or a cart. If your intention is to make a sled dog out of the Leonberger you should wait until it turns 18 months.