Pomeranian (Zwergspitz) FCI Standard
The breed was introduced in England only in the mid of XIXth century. This type of the Spitz became more popular thanks to Queen Victoria, who had imported the whimsical creature from Italy and added it to one of its kennels.
The Pomeranian breed belongs to the family of an ancient group of Arctic Spitz dogs, the progenitors to the sled ones. Earlier, these little dogs were of white colour and not this little as now, weighing approximately 15 kilos. It’s hard to believe, that the Pomeranian was popular as a sheepdog, but in its larger form.
In 1870 the Pomeranian was finally recognized by the English Kennel Club (KC), and only in 1892 it took part in dog shows in the USA under this organisation’s Miscellaneous Class. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1900.
Nowadays, the «puff-ball» dogs are more and more attracting pet fanciers and serve mostly as a toy for a loving family.
All in all, it’s quite a noisy watchdog. It’s just perfect for the life in a family, especially for one with children of all ages.
A Pomeranian barks a lot and can even attack big dogs, though it’s a friendly and shy breed, as a rule among strangers. Generally, a representative of this breed gets along well with other household animals without problems, in case it’s properly introduced.
• shoulder luxation;
• open fontanel;
• PRA (progressive retinal atrophy).
You must be alert, attentive and consistent during the process and don’t expect your pet to housetrain itself. If you are going to take your dog for a show, don’t forget to be always in sight during the training, otherwise the whole house will be brought down with its barking.
Socialization works on the same principle – the earlier you start it, the better. Walking in a dog park is a good opportunity to develop interactional skills with people and other dogs, inducing anxiety.
Aside from walking, remember about other types of exercise, such as playing fetch, running through small tunnels and so on. Just be inventive and careful to not injure the knees or hips.