Pug FCI Standard
Then the Pug was brought in Japan. Afterwards these dogs appeared in Europe, where they acquired wide popularity among aristocracy and kings. Thanks to the fact that at the end of XVI century China expanded trade with European countries, Pugs found themselves in Europe. It were the traders from Holland who brought this breed to their country via the Dutch East India Company and named it Mopshond (translated as «grumbling dog» from Dutch), because of its snoring and snuffing.
But the breed had various names in different countries. For instance, the Italians called it Cagnolino, in German it was known as Mops, in France the dog was named Carlin and the Spaniards called it Doguillo. As for the name «Pug», there is a version that it descends from the Latin word «pugnus» that means «fist» because the dog’s muzzle resembles a little a man’s fist.
You will be surprised, but this toy breed is considered to be a miniaturized version of mastiff-type breed and seems to be closer related to wolf than other larger breed like the German Shepherd.
The Pug became a companion animal for many European royal families. For example, Dutch royalty even proclaimed the Pug the official dog of the House of Orange as once in 1572 the dog rescued the Prince William II having alerted him about Spaniards’ approach.
In XVII century Pugs were widespread in France. Josephine, wife of Napoleon Bonaparte had the Pug named Fortune. During her imprisonment Josephine had used her pet to deliver secret messages to her family concealing them under Fortune’s collar.
In 1860 the British captured the Imperial Palace of China and Pugs were brought again in a great amount to Europe. In 1885 the Pug was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).
This breed is pugnacious, independent and possesses a strong character always knowing what it really needs. However, the Pug is neither aggressive nor suspicious in a company of strangers and won’t be a good guard dog. In fact, your dog will happily welcome any guest, but it still makes a good watchdog.
The Pug will be a good choice for children of all ages and will even enjoy the rough play, but remember to teach your child to treat a dog carefully, especially its eyes. Among toy breeds, the Pug is the best one for children and will become a great friend for a child.
The Pug gets on well with other different pets including dogs. This breed is not really dominant or aggressive. Your can keep your Pug will another small dog or another Pug, but a bigger dog can injure this small breed. This dog has a very low prey drive and a socialized Pug will even accept cats and other animals.
• respiratory problems;
• Pug Dog encephalitis;
• nerve degeneration;
• eye infections;
• ear infections;
• staph infection;
• yeast infection;
• canine hip dysplasia;
• legg-perthes disease;
• vaccination sensitivity.
You need also to check and clean your pet’s eyes and ears gently and carefully. As the Pug’s nails don’t grind off it is essential to trim them regularly. Brush dog’s teeth with a soft toothbrush to prevent any mouth diseases.
Moreover it is imperative not to overcool your pet and also not to let the dog’s overheating since the Pug is sensitive to drop of temperature and must be kept at comfortable conditions.
This sensitive dog cannot bear harshness and correction. So you must be attentive, show respect and tolerance. Use positive training methods like treats, rewards and praise. However, be ready that this independent-thinker will weigh all pros and cons before taking a treat and performing a trick or command.
Socialization will be very easy with this friendly and communicative breed. Your Pug will very quickly become a well-mannered and polite dog. Another advantage of this breed comparing to other toys is that it’s much easier to housebreak.