Border Terrier FCI Standard
The Border Terrier is a loyal, fearless, alert, active, agile and boisterous dog. It has become one of the most adored breeds of the canine world thanks to its intelligence and charm. It is very good with children and makes a good companion for people of all ages.
Early evidence of the breed includes a 1754 painting by Arthur Wentworth of two Border Terriers. In 1920, he was recognized by England’s Kennel Club, and by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1930.
Borders have played roles in many movies and participated in TV shows. Today they perform well in Earthdog, obedience, and agility competition. They are also used as therapy dogs for children, the elderly, and ailing adults.
Border Terriers are not always require your attention, but they do desire to be in close proximity to you. They should never be forced to live outside and they do not do well if left alone most of the time. If family members are gone most of the week day, owning two will help provide companionship until people arrive home.
Border Terriers makes a good watchdog. They have a loud bark and will alert you to approaching strangers, but will not act as a guard dog because they are friendly toward people. In fact, Borders tend to jump on visitors in their excitement.
Borders are predatory toward small animals such as rabbits or gerbils. They may be okay (but no guarantees!) with a cat in their household if the cat was there first, but they will attack non-household cats if given the opportunity. If you own more than one Border Terrier, it is better to have a male and a female to avoid any dominance issues. In the case of other dogs, early socialization is crucial. They are less aggressive toward other dogs than most Terriers, because they were bred to hunt with a pack of foxhounds, rather than on their own. But if they dislike another dog, Border Terriers will not hesitate to get in a fight.
• Canine Epileptoid Cramping Syndrome (CECS), also known as “Spike’s Disease” – a recently recognized hereditary disease in for Border Terriers;
• canine hip dysplasia;
• patellar luxation;
• heart defects;
• progressive retinal atrophy (PRA);
• bite malocclusion.
Border Terriers’ coats also need to be hand stripped twice a year. Clipping their coats will change both the colour and texture of their hair and should be avoided. Keep your Border Terrier’s nails clipped and teeth checked and cleaned on a regular basis.
Crate training works well for this breed, although no dog should be kept in a crate for more than four hours at a time during the day. Never use harshness toward your pet. Use rewards and positive reinforcement to train your Border Terrier.
Border Terriers are adaptable and can do well in apartments, suburban homes, or in the country, provided they receive enough exercise and attention from their people.