Weight (kg):
Life span (years):
Hair length:
Recognized by:
pointed: seal, chocolate, blue, lilac, red, vream, tortie; tabby
Affectionate with family:
Good with kids:
Good with pets:


Being one of the most popular feline varieties, the Siamese is intelligent, inquisitive, talkative and dominative. This cat tends to form strong attachment to its human family and must have people around to prosper. Choose this breed if you are ready to put up with its bossy and demanding personality.

Photo: © cattery Silkysiam (


The ancestors of the Siamese thrived in Thailand (former Siam) for several hundreds of years. A light-coloured cat with black spots on their face, ears, paws and tail was profusely described in eastern ancient literature but it remained obscure to the western world until the second half of XIX century, when it was presented to cat lovers at Crystal Palace Cat Show in London. The unusual look of this cat aroused lively interest and soon it acquired large and faithful following.

In the late XIX century the first Siamese were brought to the United States. President Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881) was one of the first owners of this cat in this country. It was granted him by David B. Sickels, a U. S. diplomat worked at the consulate in Thailand, in 1878.

The original colouration of the Siamese is seal-point, so chocolate, blue and lilac-point cats appeared much later as the result of the efforts of western breeders. Nowadays this breed exists in wide range of point patterns and colours and all of them can be seen in cat shows. It is a well-established fact that the cat owes its unique pointed pattern of the coat to spontaneous mutation. It was actively used in the development of such breeds as the Balinese, the Oriental, the Havana Brown and the Tonkinese.

The Siamese is officially accepted by all cat registries. However the International Cat Association distinguishes the indigenous pointed cat native to Thailand from the modern version of the Siamese. It’s recognised by this organisation under the name the Thai and is marked by more compact body type.


The most essential thing one should be aware of before adopting the Siamese is its highly sociable and wilful nature. This means that this cat can be extremely persistent when it wants to attract your attention. It usually makes its bidding in a high pitched, loud voice and expects you to defer to its opinion. This cat loves to be helpful and will shadow you, observing your doings. You will inevitably find it in your lap whenever you are sitting down or under the blanket beside you whenever you are going to bed.

One should probably reconsider the decision to take the Siamese if its authoritative and communicable personality induces in you nothing but irritation. Anyway it’s worth to make sure that you have sufficient time to devote to this demanding cat. This breed is inclined to be an intelligent and inquisitive pet and will meet with unfailing enthusiasm every opportunity to exercise its active brain. It adapts easily to walking on a leash although it usually looks forward to any type of pastime with its master. To keep this cat engaged while you are out, offer it a few interactive toys and a tall cat tree.

The Siamese is ok with younger member of the family as well as with other non-feline pets, including a good-natured dog. Just make sure that they treat this cat with proper carefulness and esteem, which it definitely deserves. Actually it will be an excellent idea to adopt one or several other cats so your Siamese wouldn’t suffer from loneliness in your absence.

Health Problems

The most common for the breed include:

· amyloidosis;

· asthma / bronchial disease;

· congenital heart defects.


The Siamese is an easy-to-groom feline variety. Weekly combing with a stainless steel comb is more than enough to maintain its short coat in flawless condition. The cat’s nails require regular trimming usually every two weeks.

Examine its ears once a week and clean them if they look dirty. The daily brushing of cat’s teeth is an ideal preventive measure against various periodontal diseases although weekly brushing is also acceptable.