Welsh Springer Spaniel FCI Standard
The Welsh Springer Spaniel was named so because of its manner of hunting, when the dog springs at game in order to flush it. Initially the breed was named the Welsh Spaniel or the Welsh Cocker.
Throughout the XIV-XVII centuries the look-alike dog had been used for chase. The images of those dogs are found on many gobelins of that time. Actually the conformation of these antique canines changed very little since so it bears striking resemblance to today’s Welsh Springer Spaniel. At that time the breed was very popular, it became the main hunting dog of wealthy people.
Afterwards, by the XIX century Welsh Springers lost their popularity. People began to use another Spaniel instead of them. More specifically majority of hunters switched to the black-and-white and the liver-and-white spaniels. The dog had been bred in South Wales mainly.
During the Queen Victoria epoch this breed gained anew its popularity. At that time at Dog Shows the Welsh Springer Spaniel was represented in the same group as the English Springer Spaniel. In 1902 the Welsh Springer was registered by the British Kennel Club as a separate breed.
American breeders purchased their first Welsh Springers at the end of the XIX century. The breed became very popular in the USA and in 1906 it was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) but it wasn’t until 1914 when its first specimen was registered with this canine organization.
The World Wars’ aftermaths were devastating for the breeding of the Welsh Springer Spaniel, particularly in the territory of the United States. The breed practically vanished completely in America. Fortunately new arrived dogs from Britain and other European countries saved the breed from extinction in the USA. In 1961 the Welsh Springer Spaniel Club of America was created.
Modern Welsh Springer Spaniel is still widely used for hunting in water as well as on land. Its sharp scent and sight makes it suitable for quarrying any kind of waterfowl or small game. This even-tempered and playful dog has also potential of becoming a lovable family pet. Unfortunately it hasn’t yet gained any noticeable popularity in this role in the United States and in European countries.
The Welsh Springer Spaniel is watchful, aloof and wary towards people it does not know. It should be properly and early socialized to prevent timidity. In most cases the Welsh Springer Spaniel will warn its masters that some stranger is coming nearer to the house so it can be charged with the responsibilities of a watcher. At the same time it’s too bashful and kind to make a trustworthy guardian.
Usually the Welsh Springer Spaniel treats other pets friendly. This dog enjoys living with one or several canine companions and tolerates unfamiliar dogs as long as they don’t act aggressively. But it is essential to remember that it is a retriever, so it may take birds for a prey. This also means that it must always stay leashed while in a public place. Nonetheless timely socialization can guarantee its peaceful cohabitation with an individual cat and other domestic animals.
• canine hip dysplasia;
• otitis externa.
You must pay especial attention to your pet’s ears. It is important to examine them carefully and clean them not less than once a week. For keeping the dog’s oral hygiene you should brush its teeth two or three times a week. Remember to clip the dog’s nails every month or at least every other month.
Plan to store sizeable amount of the dogs’ favourite food to stimulate its interest, make training sessions short and fun, don’t stint your praise and your efforts will pay off. Nevertheless this breed can’t stand harsh methods of training. Hence it is essential to be persistent but patient, not raise your voice.
If the Welsh Springer Spaniel does not get sufficient output of its energy, it becomes lazy that can lead to obesity of the dog. Moreover it can display various behavioural problems.
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