Newfoundland FCI Standard
Initially the Newfoundland was used to pull out of water and into the shore fisherman’s tackle. Additionally the part of its duties on board was to retrieve stuff that fell off boats. Gradually it deserved the reputation of a wonderful rescue dog and it still does exceptionally well in this role. Its sturdy build, thick, waterproof coat and webbed feet made it capable of enduring the icy waters off the coast of Newfoundland region. On land the Newfoundland was used as a tireless cart dragger, as a ferocious guardian for farmer’s houses and as a faithful companion dog. This multipurpose dog quickly reached other countries and gradually acquired small but steady following throughout the United States, Canada as well as Europe.
The Newfoundland faced the threat of extinction in the 80s of the XVIII century when the Canadian rulers imposed taxes on the families that kept even one dog. The breed owes its survival to some committed breeders and common people. For example, Sir Edwin Landseer (1802-1873) was a dedicated fan of the breed and oftentimes depicted it in his paintings. The white and black variety of the Newfoundland was granted the name Landseer after this painter. The great contribution in the breed’s revival also made Honourable Harold MacPherson (1884-1963), governor of Newfoundland who kept exclusively this dog. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognised the breed in 1879.
In the present days the Newfoundland predominantly serves as companion dog but it’s still highly preferred for search and rescue operations and actively participates in obedience competitions, draft and water trials events.
As a highly intelligent and watchful dog the Newfoundland is able to become an intimidating watchdog. At the same time this dog is capable of discerning the differences between a friend and a foe and will be polite and accepting with people who it recognises. It is not prone to use its deep, sonorous voice without a pressing necessity but its booming sounding can scare off any possible intruder. This breed will also become an outstanding guard dog, which will rather try to deter the attack of the unwelcomed guest than perform as an aggressor.
The Newfoundland is deprived of any aggressive inclination when things concern other animals. If the dog has been introduced to the wide variety of the situations (strange sounds, other canines, cats, etc) since its puppyhood then it will grow up into a responsible and polite member of society. This dog is quite friendly with its counterparts though some fights over the alpha status may arise at the initial meeting (especially between specimens of the same sex). The home cat can be easy in its mind in the presence of the well-socialised Newfoundland.
• heart problems;
• elbow dysplasia;
• canine hip dysplasia.
Bathing should be applied as rarely as possible and its coat needs to be free from the remainders of the soap when you are done with washing. The Newfoundland sheds in impressive amounts and will blow off most of its lavish hair when the season changes. During these periods you are going to encounter a thick layer of the dog’s hair all over your furniture, carpets and clothing. So if you are a meticulously tidy person then this dog is definitely not for you.
This dog should recognise the dominative position of the human at an early age since it can turn out to be a daunting task to assert your leadership to a 70kg mature obstinate dog. Rough-housing is totally unacceptable with the Newfoundland and it may lead only to demonstration of extreme wilfulness and even aggression in the dog’s behaviour.
The Newfoundland can’t stand summer heat due to the obvious reason and greatly favours a colder climate. This breed will become an excellent choice for those who are looking for the dog with pleasant and friendly temperament and but who are not afraid of thought of extra cleaning required after each walking with this dog.