Shetland Sheepdog FCI Standard
Gradually first Scottish settlers brought along with them their cattle and herding dogs, which were ancient versions of the Rough Collie and the Border Collie. The early form of the Shetland Sheepdog appeared as the result of crossing of the local Spitz-type breeds with newly arrived Scottish herding dogs. Later this early variety was imported to England where it passed through further transformation and was mixed with the King Charles Spaniel, the Pomeranian and the now extinct Greenland Yakki. The modern Shetland Sheepdog was fully developed by XVIII century.
Initially the Shetland Sheepdog was used as both an assistant on the farm and as a defender of the master’s property. The dog also thrived in its original assignment as a sheep herder in Scotland as well as in England. It was endowed with incomparable stamina and impressive viability, which made it a treasured companion in harsh terrains and hostile weather of Scotland.
In the beginning of the XX century the Shetland Sheepdog found its way to the dog shows on international level. The First World War caused a provisional pause in its promotion in England but it continued to gain more and more following in the United States. In this country the breeds’ sweet demeanour and appealing look earned it wide recognition as a show dog as well as a popular home pet. The Second World War brought a significant drop in its population in native countries but American breeders once again saved the breed from extinction.
The Shetland Sheepdog became a really trendy breed throughout 50’s and 60’s in European countries and America but the public interest in it as a show dog eventually subsided. Presently the breed is generally kept as pleasant and trustworthy companion dog and children’s favourite. The American Kennel Club (AKC) granted it complete recognition as early as in 1911.
The breed has developed a protecting instinct and therefore usually shows essential suspicion towards strange people. That’s way it can become an outstanding watchdog, which will never lose its natural alertness. However, the Shetland Sheepdog is going to avoid open conflicts as much as possible and will make a rather mediocre guard dog.
As universally amicable creature the Shetland Sheepdog gets along with other canines and can be relatively easy introduced to the household with other living dog. This breed is also quite patient with other pets including home cats. Nevertheless it should be correctly presented to the company of other species of animals from the puppyhood in order to guarantee their peaceful co-habituation in the future.
• sebaceous cysts;
• heart murmurs;
• idiopathic epilepsy;
• lupus erythematosus;
• dermatomyositis and ulcerative dermatosis;
• eyes problems;
• ears problems;
• patent ductus arteriosus (PDA);
• von Willebrand’s Disease;
• colour dilution alopecia;
The hair of the Shetland Sheepdog is prone to matting and therefore needs to be brushed on a daily bases. Instruments, which are usually used in the grooming, include undercoat rake, a pin brush, a slicker brush, and thinning shears. The owner should apply usual brush to work out any tangles and mats in problem areas (behind the ears, around its collar, backsides of its legs) every day and more diligent brushing procedure should be carried out once a week.
The best way to train the Shetland Sheepdog is to resort only to gentle persuasion and verbal praise. Any amount of harshness in your voice will have an opposite effect and the dog will refuse to oblige your commands.
If the dog doesn’t receive enough physical outlets it usually tends to become unreasonably nervous, hyper active and destructive. The Shetland Sheepdog will make an incomparable pet for a moderately active family, which will happily incorporate its dog in outdoors hobbies.