Basset Artésien Normand FCI Standard
The Artesian-Norman Basset successfully outlasted the French Revolution. Actually, its popularity soared in this period. Hunting on a horseback was too expensive for a French average hunter. This short-legged dog kept close to the feet of a hunter so he can enjoy this occupation without a horse. It also acquired lots of noble and even royal fanciers. Emperor Napoleon III was so infatuated with it that he ordered to immortalize his three Bassets in the form of bronze statues. At that point there were four varieties of the breed. Wire-coated dog was nicknamed as the Basset Griffon and smooth-coated specimen was called the Basset Francais. Both types existed in two leg lengths.
The process of standardisation of the Artesian-Norman Basset began in the 70s of the XIX century. Thanks to the accurate and methodical approach to its breeding one unified standard was developed by the end of XIX century and free varieties of the breed ceased to exist. The remained smooth-coated, short-legged type was acknowledged as a singular breed, which was subsequently granted its current name. The two World Wars definitely affected its population but not to the point of a complete extinction. It can be explained by the fact that by that time the dog had already earned big following not only as a pack hound but also as a companion animal and a show dog.
The first specimen of the Artesian-Norman Basset left its homeland in 60s of the XIX and became the foundation of its stock in Britain. Gradually English breeders mated it with other dogs and altered its characteristics in such a way that it eventually turned into a completely new breed, namely the renowned Basset Hound. Nowadays it’s the most recognisable variety of the Basset in the world. However, currently the Artesian-Norman Basset is starting to find fans in both the United Kingdom and the United States. It was given recognition of the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1995. The dog shared the fate of most modern hunting breeds and is kept predominantly as a pleasant and vivacious family pet.
Strange people are commonly perceived by the Artesian-Norman Basset as potential friends and without timely correction this breed can grow into an inappropriate greeter. Some of its members can demonstrate inborn shyness in the presence of unfamiliar person. On the other hand this behavioural pattern is barely expressed in correctly socialised dogs. The breed is characterised with enough vigilance and alertness to become fairly effective as a watchdog. However, it isn’t suited for the job of a guard dog because of its friendliness and trustfulness with humans.
The Artesian-Norman Basset was widely used in pack hunting so any canine aggressiveness was diligently bred out from its characteristics. It does tend to compete for alpha status in the company of other canines so the interaction of two strange dogs requires close supervision from their masters. This dog was developed as a highly reliable hunting dog so it possesses rather strong prey drive. It poses prominent threat for any street animal of cat’s size. This breed will most likely co-habit peacefully with a familiar pet (including a household cat) provided they have been correctly introduced to each other.
• ear infections;
• canine hip dysplasia;
• joint pain;
• back pain.
Sizeable ears of the Artesian-Norman Basset easily catch various infections if its master doesn’t invest some time in its cleaning on a regular basis. It’s imperative to introduce your dog to this cleaning procedure as early as possible since a grown-up animal may be frightened or nervous of it.
The breeds’ training should be approached with sufficient amount of patience, firm, but respectful attitude and the dog’s favourite treats. Punishments and rude handling won’t bring desirable results with this dog and will only induce it natural stubbornness.
The dogs’ exercise regimen should include at least a brisk walk of an hour long although this breed will eagerly accept virtually any amount of intense outdoors activity. The Artesian-Norman Basset is susceptible to back pain and excessive weight can greatly aggravate this problem so it must be provided with lots of vigorous daily exercises.