Bichon Havanais FCI Standard
Since the beginning of the XIX century the Bichon Havanais was a favourite lapdog of the Cuban nobility. Travellers from Europe who were charmed by impressive look and outgoing personality of the breed usually took its puppies to their native countries. The dog used to have much devoted following in Europe in the middle of the XIX century and Queen Victoria and Charles Dickens were among numerous celebrated fanciers who gave preference to the Havanese.
The Bichon Havanais lived through hard times in the wake of the Cuban Revolution. The good breeding practices were generally abandoned and the dog appeared on the verge of extinction. Fortunately, several Cuban families continued to breed and keep the Havanese and after the revolution 11 specimens were imported to the United States by the Cuban migrants. Virtually all breed members outside of Cuba have descended from these dogs.
The breed’s true popularity began in 70s of the XX century when an American pair scoured America for remaining descendants of 11 members that lately arrived from Cuba. Thanks to the excellent temperament and fascinating appearance as well as extensive breeding efforts of this couple it soon won lots of American hearts as a companion dog. It was officially recognised by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1995.
The Havanese usually behaves quite friendly with unfamiliar people though some specimens can show wariness upon a first meeting. The poorly socialised specimens are prone to be shy and timid in front of strangers. This alert dog stays always on the watch and will timely announce the approach of newcomers. So it will become a rather capable watchdog. Naturally it won’t do well as a guard dog because of its small size and affable nature.
The Havanese is also very accepting of other canine animals and it would appreciate their constant company. It can be easily introduced to the household with other living dog. Every dog now and then is tempted to give a good chase and the Bichon Havanais is no exception. However well-trained members will be polite and reserved with other home pets, including a home cat. Nevertheless it’s definitely better if the dog and other pet have been raised together.
• patellar luxation;
• canine hip dysplasia;
• elbow dysplasia;
• eye problems;
• legg-perthes disease;
• dry skin;
• tear stains.
Anyway the hair around the feet and directly around the eye must be regularly sheared. The dog’s profuse coat should be frequently checked for any signs of parasites, mats or tangles. The Havanese sheds little to no hair so adopting this dog can become an acceptable variant for allergic sufferers.
The Bichon Havanais is known to have certain difficulty in housebreaking. The dog has small bladder, so you will have to put up with occasional accidents in your house much longer than it’s usually in case with larger breeds.
This dog suites ideally for families which prefer more sedentary life style. This doesn’t purport that its basic needs for the physical activity can be completely ignored. Physically dissatisfied Havanese usually turns into nervous, over excited or destructive creature.