Austrian Pinscher FCI Standard
Austrian Pinschers were widespread in the XIX century. They were used for multiple purposes in farms. These dogs coped perfectly with driving the cattle, house and property guarding, and they also caught rats and mice.
Up to the XX century the breeding of these dogs was uncontrolled. Farmers cared not so much about the pure lineage and at the end of XIX century they did not need any more these dogs. Moreover World War I affected the breeding and the Austrian Pinscher began to die out.
Only in 1921 people began to breed the dog seriously, according to the rules. The Austrian Earl Hauck is the founder of the dog’s breeding. He did an excellent job of restoring the unique appearance of this ancient dog as well as preserving its robustness and unsurpassed hunting skills.
Unfortunately World War II turned out to be a real disaster for these dogs. Their number decreased considerably. By the 1970s the breed virtually disappeared. Despite all efforts, breeders did not manage to restore the Austrian Pinscher’s gene pool. The other name of the breed is the Austrian Farm Dog. It was renamed to the Austrian Pinscher only in 2000. Now the dog remains a very rare breed and is used generally as a watchdog.
In 2002 the Klub fur Osterreichishe Pinscher (KOP, Club for Austrian Pinscher) was created. Its main purpose is the preservation and further development of the breed. In 1928 the Austrian Pinscher was avowed as the Austrian Shorthaired Pinscher by the Austrian Kennel Club and the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Also the American Rare Breed Association (ARBA) and the United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized the breed.
The breed treats suspiciously the strangers. If the dog is well socialized, it can be patient and tolerant with children who it knows. However the Austrian Pinscher has a tendency to bark and sometimes it may be unpredictable and even can bite. Thanks to its well-developed territorial instinct it makes a very capable watchdog. It possesses loud and intimidating voice, which is usually more than enough to drive off any ill-intended individual. This dog is also fierce enough to be charged with responsibilities of a guard dog and will courageously defend its favourite people and home.
The Austrian Pinscher has a nasty reputation with other canines. It does best as an only dog and it surely shouldn’t be kept together with other dogs of the same sex. To avoid cruel confrontations with stray dogs it should be always walked on a leash. During long time the Austrian Pinscher was a relentless rat catcher. As a result it may be aggressive towards small animals such as rabbits, hamsters, cats and mice. It’s very likely that it will get along with the home cat if they have brought up in the same household since an early age.
• autoimmune disorders;
• canine hip dysplasia;
• elbow dysplasia;
• cardiac failure;
• von Willebrand’s disease.
Nail trimming should be performed every two weeks. Check the ears of your Australian Pinscher at least weekly in order to timely detect the signs of infection or irritation. On the whole the breed is a moderate shedder although some of its specimens may lose hair extremely intensely.
In the hands of a self-assured and experienced person this dog is usually able to learn very advanced tricks but it is also necessary to display patience and confidence for the Austrian Pinscher’s successful training. Keep in mind that it commonly responds with fearfulness or reciprocal aggression to any type of negative reinforcement.
This dog wants nothing more than to roam unrestrained in a securely enclosed area and usually remains vigorous and cheerful even after a long walk. This means that it won’t be fully satisfied with an urban life and requires lots of space to wander and play. If the Austrian Pinscher does not get sufficient physical exercises some problems with its behaviour can emerge such as nervousness, aggression, irritability and destructiveness.