Samoyed FCI Standard
The Samoyed was as necessary for the survival of the Siberian indigenous people as food and shelter. This Siberian people were nomads and were known as the Samoyeds (evidently the dog was named after this local folk). From the very beginning this dog played multiple roles including helping its owner to carry his possessions and provision across enormous distances, protecting camp from wild beasts and thieves, and being of great use in hunting.
After the invention of the sled the Samoyed was adjusted to pull them in the company of other dogs. It allowed moving much faster across the huge Arctic territory and this hardy and tireless animal suited perfectly for this assignment. An additional point to the dog’s already long list of responsibilities brought the semi-domestication of the reindeer. The Samoyed tribes used their dogs to drive the reindeer on migrations or to some particular place as well as to keep the animals from straying.
Outside its native Siberia the Samoyed came in the spotlight only in the latter half of the XVIII century. At that point the Polar territory represented one of the last unexplored places on the planet. The western explorers mostly preferred the Samoyed as sled dogs because of its docile demeanour and appealing appearance. Moreover this breed was one of few well-known sled dogs in the Western Europe. As a result the Samoyed participated in almost all of the main exploratory expeditions to the North Pole from 1870 until 1915.
The breed drew an attention of the common western people in the United Kingdom and Russia thanks to its important role in success of so many exploratory missions. It was initially kept for its impressive and aristocratic appearance but soon its loyalty and affection as a companion dog were appreciated at its true value. Nowadays the Samoyed is generally bred for companionship or as a show dog in these countries.
The first Samoyeds were introduced to the United States in the beginning of the XX century. The breed was given recognition of the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1906. The United Kennel Club (UKC) recognised the dog in 1927.
The Samoyed is prone to perceive all strangers as friends and usually treats them as such. Without correct training it will show its feeling in exuberant way, jumping on and licking newcomers in your house. This watchful dog is a barker and it will timely alert its master about unwelcomed guests. That’s why the Samoyed can be turned into a good watchdog. However this breed will make a terrible guard dog, which would politely escort an intruder in the house rather than display any aggression.
The Samoyed traditionally worked in the company of dozen of other canine animals and as the result it developed a great deal of tolerance to their presence. The dog will peacefully and even eagerly co-exist with one or more canines. Nevertheless this breed is accustomed to hold a leader position in the pack and from time to time it’s going to try to assert its status to other dogs. Generally speaking the Samoyed gets along much better with small dogs than with other breeds of its size.
This amiable breed is ok with other species of animals but only if it has been timely socialised with them. Much of its hunting instinct still lingers in it so its owner should exercise caution while walking with the dog and apply a leash at all times. The dog is predisposed to herd everyone in its reach and this primal habit may not be appreciated by a home cat. However this undesirable behaviour can be controlled with proper training.
• canine hip dysplasia;
• elbow dysplasia;
• eyes problems;
• samoyed hereditary glomerulopathy;
• skin allergies;
• pulmonary stenosis;
• gastric torsion.
The breed sheds very heavily and almost constantly so be prepared to plenty of the dogs’ locks all over your possessions. The shedding even intensifies when the season changes and the layer of the dog’s hair will cover your clothes, carpets and furniture.
On the whole the Samoyed responds to training much better than majority of Spitzen. Essential ingredient of successful training of this breed is correct method, which should be founded on abundant food incentives and mild reinforcement.
The Samoyed enjoys different games but especially likes pulling sleds and passing through agility training. Its owner should be aware that the dog is extremely sensitive to high temperature and therefore it would be wise to shorten walks with it during summer heat.