Jack Russell Terrier FCI Standard
It’s rather uncertain when the Jack Russell Terrier reached the United States of America but it was well established there by the 30s of the XX century. In the following decades a few breed clubs were organised with different views as the dog’s exterior, working qualities, and whether it should take part in conformation shows or preserve its status as a solely working dog. The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America (JRTCA) provides an autonomous registry and treats the breed exclusively as hunting dog while the Jack Russell Terrier Association of America strived to get it recognised by the American Kennel Club (AKC), which actually happened in 2000. In order to distinguish the breed from the dogs, which have been put on records with the JRTCA the American Kennel Club decided to register the breed under the name «the Parson Russell Terrier». The United Kennel Club (UKC) approved it in 1991 as the Jack Russell Terrier.
Many Jack Russell Terriers still serve as highly effective assistants in fox hunting. This dog has also proved its usefulness as a barn and farm dog. It participates with excellent results in such canine sports as Frisbee, flyball, and agility. In most cases the breed is kept as a companion dog in the families with very active lifestyle, which are glad to include it in their adventures.
This breed is prone to display a great deal of wariness towards strangers and some specimens can become outright aggressive. This issue can be fixed with correct socialisation but it’s really hard to guarantee good manners of the Jack Russell Terrier 100% of times. This dog is remarkably territorial and will make a wonderful watch dog. With its level of aggressiveness it also can be trained into a fearless guard dog though its moderate size designates that it won’t be able to withstand of an assault of human adversary.
The Jack Russell Terrier is known to be one of the most dog aggressive breeds. This dog won’t back from confrontation with its counterpart no matter how big or powerful it is. Its authoritative nature makes it to claim to the dominative position in every group of dogs. It wouldn’t be wise to introduce this animal to the household with other living dog and even vast socialisation won’t ensure the absence of problems in the future. It’s worth to know that this dog also shows aggression to the canines of the opposite sex. The Jack Russell Terrier has an overwhelmingly strong hunting drive and presents a lethal danger for every creature smaller than it. Never leave this dog alone with other small animals without your close supervision. The vast majority of specimens will never be able to peacefully co-exist with a home cat even if they have been introduced to each other at an early age.
• legg perthes disease;
• patellar luxation;
• eyes problems;
• myasthenia gravis;
• von Willebrands disease.
This breed achieves better results in training when the handler relies only on reward-based techniques and tasty treats. The Jack Russell Terrier can become simply aggressive if treated with harshness during the learning process.
The breed will feel itself most comfortable in rural surrounding in the house with spacious and securely enclosed yard. This dog also likes to take part in different canine competitions (flyball, obedience, Frisbee and agility). The Jack Russell Terrier won’t become a perfect pet for everyone since even the most active family can run ragged trying to satisfy its exercise needs.