Ca de Bou (Majorca Mastiff) FCI Standard
In the XVII the Britain extended its rule over the Menorca and other territories according to the Treaty of Utrecht. The British migrants imported their fighting and guard breeds with them into the islands and crossed them with local dogs of the mastiff-type. In the early years of the XVIII century the dog’s fights and bull baiting reached its peak popularity with British inhabitants of the Balearics. They strived to create such a breed, which would be ideal for that kind of entertainment. Thus the English Bulldog also played a certain role in the breeding of the Ca de Bou because of its excellent fighting abilities. Actually the name Ca de Bou is translated from the native Catalan language as «Bull-Dog».
In the Spanish Stud Book for the year 1923 the Ca de Bou was officially mentioned as a separate breed for the first time. The breeding process never stopped during the XX century since the breeders aspired to create the dog as close as possible to the specimen who was described in the primarily standard. In the 80s of the XX century the breeding endeavours succeeded and two perfectly fit dogs appeared. They became the foundation for the subsequent stock of all first-class Ca de Bous.
Though the Ca de Bou remains exceedingly rare breed its future seems to look encouraging. It currently has small but stable following outside its homeland especially in Poland and Russia. The dog requires stern approach to its training but it has a great potential of becoming an excellent pet.
The Ca de Bou will be quite polite with strangers as long as its owner treats them the same way. On its own this dog is prone to be very suspicious and even outright aggressive if an unfamiliar person tries to trespass the borders of its subordinated territories. Needless to say that this breed will become an unparalleled watchdog, which will be always vigilant and without the unwelcomed tendency to on-going barking. This brave animal is a natural guardian so it will relentlessly guard your possessions when you are out and won’t back down from confrontation if needed.
The Ca de Bou is deprived of innate aggressiveness in spite of the fact that it was used as a fight dog profusely. Naturally it needs to be socialised at an early age and be introduced to all sorts of sights, sounds and circumstances. So well-socialised specimens will be glad to interact with other canines and will treat them respectfully. It’s worth to remember though that if provoked this dog will fight with mighty ferociousness and its fatal bite may mean the death sentence even for a much larger dog. The Ca de Bou will live peacefully with other pet only if they have been brought up together.
• canine hip dysplasia;
• elbow dysplasia;
• generative disk disease;
• patellar luxation;
• gastric torsion.
If you want to achieve maximum results from the training of the Ca de Bou it’s also important to resort only to positive reinforcement in your lessons with it. This dog doesn’t tolerate rough-housing and it usually nurses a grievance for a very long time.