Border Collie FCI Standard
Scotch Sheep Dogs were first exhibited to canine fanciers in 1860 at the second Dog Show ever conducted in England. Soon Queen Victoria noticed one of these canines on her journey to Balmoral Catle and became a loyal admirer of the breed. In 1876 R.J. Lloyd Price initiated the first in the history sheepdog trials. 100 wild Welsh sheep were ushered into the Alexandra Palace in London in order to demonstrate the dog’s prowess in managing these animals. Audience were amazed at the intelligence of the Scotch Sheep Dog who performed very complicated tasks under the guidance of only gestures and whistles of the trainer.
The breed was renamed in 1915 by the then-secretary of the International Sheepdog Society, which was established in Scotland in 1906. «Collie» was most likely used in its name as reference to the Scottish Highland colley sheep, which was frequently herded by these dogs. «Colley» is translated from Anglo-Saxon dialect as «black» and implies to black coloration of these sheep. Another hypothesis says that the word «collie» stems from Gaelic term for «useful», which very accurately describes this dog.
Nowadays the Border Collie is reckoned to be one of the most talented herding dogs in the world. It remains an indispensable assistant of farmers and ranchers and invariably successfully participates in herding and agility competitions. It is also used as as narcotics and bomb detection dog. The United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized the Border Collie in 1965. The American Kennel Club (AKC) began registering the breeds’ members in 1995.
The vast majority of Border Collies are quite all right with strangers. Nonetheless some of them can display shyness and watchfulness while meeting guests in your house. This dog has certain potential of becoming a good watchdog because of its natural alertness and innate bravery. However it is too affable and unsuspecting to be suitable for the role of a guardian.
Canine aggressiveness is fairly common for the Border Collie (mostly males) and especially it concerns strange dogs of the same sex. So it’s a good idea to release your dog off leash only in a securely enclosed yard. Without appropriate socialisation it also may be assaultive towards other small animals. On the contrary the well-brought-up specimen will tolerate the presence of a home cat although it may pester it with its herding attempts.
• canine hip dysplasia;
• elbow dysplasia;
• eye problems;
• Collie Eyes Anomaly;
• neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinoses (NCLs);
• trapped neutrophil syndrome.
The frequent bathing is absolutely unnecessary and should be avoided. This dog has drooping ears, which quickly gets dirty. Regular cleaning is a good way to prevent ear infections and irritation. Other than that your Border Collie will also need periodic nail trimming and teeth brushing.
This dog responds adequately only to positive reinforcement and calm and confident but firm handling. Be mindful that the Border Collie reacts to disrespectful attitude with a grudge or even aggressive outbursts. It usually competes at the highest level in any canine sports, which require agility, stamina and speed.
This breed fits best to the countryside where it would have plenty of opportunities to run and roam freely. If you a city dweller and decided to keep this breed be sure you have a daily excess to some yard or garden where your dog can run freely. Remember that an under exercised Border Collie tends to become destructive, hyper active and completely unruly.