The Persian is an ancient breed, which appeared as the result of natural mutation in the Mesopotamian region. Its gorgeous, fine coat, charming face and stable disposition earned it the status of one of the most popular feline variety. Despite its serious grooming requirements and quite a few health concerns this cat possesses sizeable and loyal following all over the world.
Photo: © Silver Angel Kennel
The Persian is a natural breed whose distinctive appearance was initially shaped by Mother Nature. This cat thrived for centuries in Mesopotamia, which was later called Persia and is today modern Iran. Pietro Della Valle, Italian aristocrat and avid traveller, came across this breed in one of his journey and was absolutely fascinated by its striking beauty. He brought first grey longhaired Persians to Europe in 1626.
Until the late XIX century, all longhaired cats imported from Turkey, Afghanistan and other distant counties were referred as «Asiatic» cats and were oftentimes interbred. The situation changed when cat shows grew exceedingly popular. For example, at the Crystal Palace Cat Show in 1871, the Persian had already been introduced as a separate feline variety. Queen Victoria kept several breed members, which further favoured its promotion as a family pet.
Thanks to the selective breeding, cat fanciers gradually formed the appearance of the modern-day Persian. They developed the cats with sturdy physique and wide range of colours, including bi-colour. Presently there are two types of this breed, show and traditional.
Traditional specimen possesses less flattened face than the show Persian and resembles an early version of the breed, but both varieties have equally biddable disposition. The first Persians found its way to the United States in the second half of XIX and quickly deserved wide appreciation as a pet. Actually today it is the one of the most popular cat recognised by the Cat Fanciers Association.
The Persian is well-known for its dignified bearing and calm and stable disposition. It can adorn any home with its presence and can be described as a classical lap cat since it likes nothing more than to be petted by it master. It will shower with love every person who is clever enough to acknowledge its superior qualities. This cat gets along with well-mannered children and enjoys their company as long as they don’t try to involve it into too boisterous games. The breed member is usually accepting of other pets in the house and will be on friendly terms with a non-aggressive dog.
The Persian prefers to live in a stable and peaceable environment and tends to become upset by every miner change in its daily routines. This cat communicates its wishes in a quiet and soft voice but won’t bother the master with too much talking. It will be completely satisfied with a little daily playtime with interactive toys. At the same time this smart and inquisitive cat is notable for excellent trainability and will be happy to exercise its busy brain.
The Persian is a sedate cat and won’t damage your furniture or curtains in your absence. It likes to manage its domain from the floor or supervise the activities of its master from more attainable chair or sofa. Appealing appearance and even, calm disposition make the Persian a perfect pet for sedentary families, which are ready to put up with its high grooming requirements and some health issues.
The most common problems for the breed include:
· breathing difficulty or noisy breathing;
· dental malocclusions;
· excessive tearing;
· eyes problems;
· heat sensitivity;
· polycystic kidney disease;
· predisposition to ringworm;
· seborrhea oleosa.
The grooming of the Persian is fairly time-consuming. Its dense and long coat needs daily thorough brushing, which will help it to stay matts-free and tidy. This breed also needs regular bathing preferably once a month. The Persian is very particular about its bathroom hygiene so it’s essential to keep is litter box perfectly clean.This breed is prone to excessive tearing so itsmaster should regularly wipe the area around its eyes with soft tissue toprevent ugly stains from developing. It’s recommended to brush the cat’s teethon a daily basis although weekly brushing is also a reasonable alternative. Rememberto trim the cat’s nails every other week as well as check and clean its ears.