Pumi FCI Standard
Hungarian farmers used the Pumi as a multifunctional dog that could do many tasks. These dogs were herders that coped excellent with various animals such as sheep, cattle or pigs. Moreover they were brave watchdogs guarding their masters, property and house. The Pumi also exterminated rats and other vermin. Besides all these it was used as a hunting dog.
During the XVIII and XIX centuries in Hungary farmers were not much concerned about a pure pedigree of the breed. So the interbreeding occurred frequently. Actually the Puli and the Pumi were considered as two varieties of one breed. But at the beginning of the XX century Hungarian professor Emil Raitsis initiated work on the separating different sheepdogs from each other and their further selection. In 1921 the first standard for the Pumi was written. In 1923 the breed began to participate in dog shows. In contrast with the Puli, which by that time became a popular companion animal, it was predominantly bred for its excellent working abilities.
The Pumi suffered less than other Hungarian breeds from the World War II. In 1966 it was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). At the beginning of 1970s Pumik (plural form) were imported into Finland where they have remained a very popular breed. Since 1980s this dog appeared in other European countries. In 1990s the Pumi was brought to the USA. In 1996 the United Kennel Club (UKC) recognized the Pumi. The American Kennel Club granted its official acceptance to the breed in 2011. The breeders worked assiduously to maintain and enhance the working drive of this dog so it’s still often assigned with herding and guarding tasks. However it also blossoms in the role of a companion and show dog.
The dog is reserved and mistrustful with strangers, as it was bred as a guardian during long period of time. The Pumi is highly curious and will pay attention to any unusual sight, sound or scent. This characteristic makes it a wonderful watchdog. Be mindful though that its first reaction will be most probably loud barking so this dog may be annoyingly vocal and no amount of obedience training will be able to remove this obnoxious habit.
Usually Pumik get along with other animals including dogs. But the early socialization is very important. This breed has possessive streak and authoritative mentality, which can cause severe conflicts with unknown dogs. That’s why it’s essential to always keep this dog leashed or muzzled while being walked. The breed members can be hostile with small animals, because Pumik were ratters and may take small animals as a threat.
• canine hip dysplasia;
• elbow dysplasia;
• pattelar luxation;
• primary lens luxation;
• degenerative myelopathy (DM).
It is recommended to keep the length of the dogs’ coat between 3,8 and 7,6 cm so your dog will always look tidy. The rest consists of such regular routines as nail trimming and teeth brushing. Periodic cleaning of the dog’s ears is a good preventive measure against ear’s infections and various irritations. The grooming of the Pumi is usually quite time-consuming and needs certain experience. This fact must be taken into account before adopting this breed member.
As this breed is highly intelligent the training must be various in order that the dog is not bored performing repetitive tasks. This dog will never tolerate rough treatment and will react to it with brattish and even aggressive behavior.
If the Pumi is deprived of enough amount of physical activity, the dog begins to display destructive behavior, it becomes irritable, aggressive, can bite and barks continuously that may cause conflicts with your neighbors.