Broholmer FCI Standard
The Broholmer rightly deserved its description as a multipurpose dog because it was usually trusted to perform a wide variety of tasks. The Danish affluent people exploited it to guard luxurious mansions as well as their masters. The dog was also used by them to hunt such ferocious beasts as boar, bear, and wolf. The Broholmer had many fanciers among Danish monarchs. In particular King Frederick VII was completely enchanted by this breed and was always accompanied by one of its members. Common people also found this dog very useful. For example, Danish peasants used it as a helper in handling their livestock.
The XIX century was marked for Denmark with noticeable political and social changes. Danish aristocracy was deprived of much of its influence and wealth and very few individuals could afford the expenses of keeping such a large dog. Actually the population of the Broholmer decreased to the point when it could be considered almost extinct. The breed was saved by the Danish nobleman Niels Frederik Sehested, who bred its stock at his dominions, the Broholm Castle, and engaged several other breeders in his breeding process. The breed was granted its current name in honour of his contributions. Two World Wars interrupted this restoration process of the breed’s population and it was once again pushed to the verge of extinction.
In 1974 the Dansk Kennel Club launched a special campaign to rehabilitate this revered ancient dog in its native country. Its efforts were a complete success and in 1982 the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) gave its full recognition to the Broholmer. In 2006 the United Kennel Club (UKC) also officially recognised the breed. Nowadays its position is pretty secured with nearly 800 specimens living worldwide. Nevertheless most dogs still reside in their native Denmark and only small part has been recently imported in Italy and the United Kingdom.
The Broholmer inherited from its mastiff-type forefathers strong protective instinct so it behaves cautiously and reservedly when it meets an unknown person. It’s imperative to teach this dog to see the difference between a real threat and an imaginary one. This watchful and observant animal will become an outstanding watchdog. Its formidable size and natural protectiveness make it an almost ideal guardian, both personal and for a property.
Breeders of the Broholmer put forth great efforts to remove aggressive issues from this dog. This implies that it’s very tolerable towards other canines. Some specimens though tend to become very territorial, possessive and dominant particularly this concerns unneutered males. To avoid these problems it’s better to keep male members in a single dog home. The Broholmer should be properly and timely introduced to other non-canine animal in order to treat it with due respect. The breed is notable for an average prey drive but untrained dog will certainly pursue and kill a stray cat and other creatures at the earliest opportunity.
• canine hip dysplasia;
• elbow dysplasia;
• cardiac disease;
• eye problems;
• skeletal growth abnormalities;
• defective back;
• heat intolerance.
The Broholmer reacts better to more tangible incentives than a simple kind word so make sure to have plenty of its favourite treats handy while working with it. This breed doesn’t respond at all to brutal methods of stimulation, which should be avoided as much as possible.
The Broholmer distinguishes among other mastiffs with greater endurance so it will easily sustain long and challenging hikes. Due to its massiveness and substantial exercise need it will be a bad choice for an apartment dweller or a sedentary person.