Bolonka Zwetna Standard
The post-war years were marked with revived interest to new breeds, including non-sporting and toy dogs. Nonetheless during the Stalin era it was barely possible to develop any dog’s variety of non-working purpose. Once Khrushchev took over the reins in the 60s of XX century this kind of restriction was slightly loosened and the demand for exclusively companion breeds grew.
The present-day Russian Tszvetnaya Bolonka appeared as the result of mixing the French Bolognese with such foreign breeds as the Lhasa-Apso, the Toy Poodle, the Shi Tzu, the Pekingese as well as local small fluffy non-pedigreed dogs. Thanks to its compactness and easy-going nature the breed soon acquired numerous fanciers among city dwellers. Moreover it was considerably less fragile than other toy dogs and possessed well-developed territorial instinct. Despite its guarding talents currently this breed is kept exclusively for companionship in its homeland.
The Bolonka Zwetna became firmly established in the United States only 2002 although some of its specimens were imported in this country in previous decades. However the breed still has a long way to go towards AKC’s (American Kennel Club) recognition. Today it is an active participant of the Rare Breed Circuit’s events and it’s officially recognised by the American Rare Breed Association (ARBA) and Rarities. Nevertheless its population remains fairly limited outside its native Russia.
The Bolonka Zwetna usually perceives all unfamiliar people as potential play mates and without timely socialisation it can grow into an inappropriate greeter. However this breed was bred with strong tendency to defend its territory and its favourite humans so it can become a fairly good watchdog. Naturally this friendly dog won’t be able to apply to necessary aggression when the situation calls for it and shouldn’t be tasked with the responsibilities of a guardian.
This breed was created to live a small city apartment alongside with other species of family pets. That’s why in most cases it will get on well with a household cat if they have been introduced to each other with proper caution. This dog will be grateful to have one or several canine companions preferably of similar size and temperament. Although the Bolonka Zwetna has few issues with strange dogs it should always wear a leash while being walked. It will provide necessary protection against aggressive stray dogs.
• patellar luxation;
• canine hip dysplasia;
• liver shunt;
• heart diseases;
• eyes problems.
The rest includes such common care practices as nail clipping, teeth brushing and ear cleaning. It’s important to regularly trim excessive hair between the pads of the dog’s feet as well as in the area around its nails. This operation should be done with a round-tipped pair of scissors. Bolonka Zwetna sheds little to nothing so this breed can be ascribed to the hyper-allergic one.
In order to avoid any issues with obedience the handler should be viewed by this breed as a strong and confident pack leader. The training regimen should be based solely on food rewards and encouraging words because forceful methods are truly irrelevant with this obedient and good-tempered dog.
However in most cases active indoor games will be fairly sufficient to satisfy this breeds’ exercise needs. Being a lap dog to its core the Bolonka Zwetna can nonetheless suffer from the lack of physical stimulation, which will be expressed in various behavioural problems including hyper activity, excessive barking and disobedience.