Xoloitzcuintle: the gene which is responsible for hairlessness is directly linked to teeth
An interview with the owner of the Mexican Hairless Dog (the standard Xoloitzcuintle)
Tell me, please, what kind of breed is this? What can you tell us about the kennel? What is your name?
- My name is Elena, this dog is from the kennel «VIENTO SOLAR », its nickname is ADAR and its breed is the Mexican Hairless Dog. This breed is over three thousand years and it was created in Mexico.
Why have three exactly the same dogs of various sizes just been on the stand? Are they related breeds like the Doberman and Doberman Pinscher?
- No, it’s the same breed but it comes in three sizes. I own the dog of standard size; there are also average and miniature variations.
While it’s precisely the same breed, only from different bloodlines, isn’t it?
And what causes such a difference in sizes?
- Well, initially they were somewhere in between present-day average and standard dogs of this breed, afterwards they split up into today’s standard and average specimens. And the miniature variety was bred later on by crossing it with other small breeds in order to reduce the size.
How long have these dogs been living in Russia?
- For approximately 15 years. They have been brought here in the beginning of the New Millennium.
Tell me, please, does the nakedness of this dog create certain difficulties in its keeping?
- There are by no means difficulties in its keeping. On the contrary, I think that it’s a big plus since there are no canine hair in an apartment and on clothing and its owner doesn’t suffer from allergy.
And what about weather, drafts? Does it need clothing to go outside in winter? Are there any special requirements?
- For long winter strolls I dress it, of course. We buy a warm winter outfit at a pet store. And additionally we sew such suits at home. And if they are taken for a brief walk, these dogs easily withstand the cold weather without any clothing.
Tell me a little bit about the breed’s temperament.
- This is a companion dog. Of course, in theory it can also guard. Our dog likes performing guarding duties and barks a lot. But it doesn’t bite, the other way around; it’s a very gregarious and sociable animal. But it defends its territory and keeps out strangers.
Do they have any typical challenges, issues with health?
- Actually they don’t. They have rather special feature, namely it’s acceptable if the dog doesn’t have some teeth. As a rule the absence of teeth is a disqualifying fault for other breeds but this characteristic is admissible for them since the gene which is responsible for hairlessness is directly linked to teeth. That’s why it’s allowed to have only the part of teeth.
I wonder, can they get a suntan? Bald cats tend to tan, is it typical for hairless dogs as well?
- Yes, they get a suntan too! It’s just now so white-skinned but in summer it’s almost straight black.
Do they always have a unicolour coat? Are brindled coat patterns also acceptable?
- There are also fluffy breed members; their standard contains description as to which coat patterns are allowable. Black dogs with white spots on breasts and paws are the most common sight. Tan colourings as well as spotted (brindled) dogs are unacceptable. Such dogs usually have one-colour coat patterns, in the best cases they may have marks, white spots. Basic colourings are black, …., red. Spots are undesirable, but allowable – on a breast, belly. You might say they are permitted on the places where the sun can’t reach. A completely spotted dog isn’t allowed.
Are you the participant of the Champions’ Show?
Are you claiming victory?
- The winner in our breed has already been chosen. We will keep fighting.
Good luck with that.
Author: Alena Morgunovskaya