The Sphynx cat is an exotically beautiful feline breed with its origin in Canada. Apart from a complete absence of hair this cat also stands out for its mischievous, affectionate and affable personality. The combination of an unusual appearance, sweet disposition and warmth of its skin explain well its popularity with thousands of cat fanciers.
Photo: © cattery Naked Beauty (sphynxbg.com)
We owe the creation of the Sphynx cat to a pure accident. In 1966 in Toronto, Canada, a black and white domestic cat named Elizabeth produced a bald kitten. This remarkable characteristic was called forth by spontaneous genetic mutation. The owner of Elizabeth named it Prune and saw an opportunity to develop a new unique feline variety.
This male and other hairless kittens, which were located in Minnesota and Toronto in the mid to late 70s of the XX century, were crossed to cats with standard coats. More specifically, the Devon Rex and the American Shorthair greatly contributed into enlargement of genetic pool of this budding breed. The gene for baldness has recessive nature so some of scions of these crossings were totally deprived of hair while others had coats.
Initially the bald cat was known under the name the Canadian Hairless Cat. But subsequently it was nicknamed as the Sphynx cat because of its striking resemblance to huge Egyptian limestone sculpture, which feature ancient cat-like creature.
Nowadays the Sphynx is formally accepted by the American Cat Fanciers Association, the Cat Fanciers Association and the International Cat Association and other cat organisations.
The Sphynx is a fun-loving, curious and buoyant cat, which absolutely loves being in the centre of attention of its favourite people. This breed is characterised with exceptional human friendliness and will give every guest in your house a cordial welcome. That’s why it’s oftentimes utilised in a role of a therapy cat and earned fine reputation in such kind of work. Children will be charmed by the breeds’ playfulness and quick-wittedness and the cat will become an active participant of their busy games.
Being a highly energetic and lively cat the Sphynx will become a tireless explorer of its surroundings and will finally pick the highest point in your place for its observant post. It’s a good thought to install one or several tall cat trees and provide this cat with various puzzle toys. This intelligent breed is very responsive to training that is a perfect way to satisfy its naturally inquiring mind. Stimulate its willingness to learn new commands with its favourite food and verbal encouragement.
The Sphynx requires the constant company of other creatures to remain happy and well-behaved. Be mindful that it can suffer from stern separation anxiety so choose this cat if you are ready to devote it a sizeable amount of your time on a daily basis. This breed will make friends with other pets in your house although it would definitely prefer to deal with other felines.
The most common for the breed include:
· urticaria pigmentosa;
· hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
The Sphynx demands average amount of maintenance. Its hairless body quickly gets greasy so get prepared to bathe your cat anywhere from weekly to monthly. It’s highly important to introduce bathing into the life of the kitten as early as possible so it will enjoy this experience in its adulthood. The master should also periodically moisturize the skin of this cat with a neutral oil or a lotion.The rest is a basic care, which consists ofweekly teeth brushing and nail clipping. Check the ears of your Sphynx fromtime to time and wipe them with a soft and damp cotton disc if necessary. Thelitter box of this cat should be kept perfectly clean at all times otherwise itmay refuse to use it.