Scottish Fold Long-Haired (Highland Fold)
The Scottish Fold is an average cat with a roundish head and large round eyes. The trademark characteristic of this breed is its folded ears, which are responsible for its uncanny likeness to a furry owl. Thanks to its mild and gentle temper this cat enjoys wide popularity as a feline companion.
Photo: © cattery Rosse Alba (rossealba.org.ua)
The foremother of the Scottish Fold was an ordinary white cat named Susie, which was endowed by the Mother Nature with peculiarly curled ears. She earned its living as a vermin exterminator in a barn in Scotland’s Tayside region. In 1961 William Ross, a professional shepherd and cat lover, drew his attention to this female with unusual ears.
When Susie was sired by a local tom cat and produced several kittens with similar trait, Ross sheltered one female and nicknamed it Snooks. Subsequently one of the Snook’s kittens was crossed to the British Shorthair and their litter became the foundational stud for the development of a new breed.
Other breeders also showed interest to the breeding of the Scottish Fold and it was found out that folded ears are explained by a dominant gene. This purports that if one parent carried a gene for erect ears and the other a gene for bended ears then their offspring would inherit the ears position of the latter. Susie also endowed its scions with gorgeous long hair. Presently the longhaired version of the Scottish Fold is called the Highland Fold in some cat registries.
Initially the breed arrived to the United States in 1971. By the middle 70-s of the XX century it attained recognition of majority cat associations in North America. The Scottish Fold is recognised by the Cat Fanciers Association and the International Cat Association. It’s permissible to cross its specimens to the American Shorthair and the British Shorthair.
The most distinguishable trait of the Scottish Fold after its folded ears is its propensity to take odd postures. It’s immensely hilarious to watch this cat sitting up like a human before TV set or spreading out on the floor like a frog. It’s very easy to suggest that its ears have limited range of motion and therefore play insignificant role in its interaction with others. Nonetheless this breed can effectively express feelings and emotions with its subtle movements adding remarks in a soft gentle voice if needed. This breed is suitable for families with children and other pets including cat-friendly dog.
The Scottish Fold is a quick-witted, moderately energetic feline. It’s extremely important to offer this cat sufficient amount of interactive toys which will entertain it in your absence. It’s highly responsive to training especially if its success is rewarded with treats or kibble. However this cat wants nothing more than to be treated as a member of its human family. It will always seek for your attention and company so make sure that you won’t get bothered by the cat following you around the house. Because of its sociable and affectionate nature this breed can’t stand being alone for several hours on end. That’s why it will appreciate an opportunity to share its life with one or several feline companions.
Being moderately active, biddable, calm and playful, the Scottish Fold has all essential qualities of an excellent pet. It will thrive in any household as long as its need for love and attention is properly met.
The most common problems for the breed include:
· degenerative joint disease;
· hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
The Scottish Fold needs insignificant amount of care. Its plush-like coat should be groomed once a week to stay tidy and healthy. It’s essential to comb the longhaired variety of the breed couple times a week to prevent its hair from tangling and matting. The cat’s ears require regular examination and cleaning (only if they look dirty). Brush its teeth weekly to ensure good overall health in this area. The cat’s nails should be trimmed every couple of weeks.